Pelvic alignment (twisted pelvis): pelvis is rotated or tilted from normal alignment

  • Symptoms: localized lower back pain and buttock on one side, especially when sitting or getting up from a seated position
  • Causes: poor seated posture

Osteoarthritis: joint cartilage and the underlying bone begin to degrade

  • Symptoms: pain and stiffness in the hips, tenderness, grating or cracking feeling, limited motion, muscle weakness
  • Causes: aging, family history

Femoroacetabular impingement: bones of the hip joint don’t fit together perfectly and rub together

  • Symptoms: sharp pain when turning, twisting, or squatting, dull ache on the outside or inside of the hips
  • Causes: bone malformation during childhood of the hip socket or the femur head

Labral tear: the labrum, a ring of cartilage that protects the hip joint, tears slightly, exposing the underlying bone

  • Symptoms: locking, clicking, or catching feeling, stiffness, limited motion
  • Causes: trauma such as a car accident or sports injury, hip or femur abnormalities, repetitive motions

Hip dysplasia: hip joint doesn’t develop normally, causing the bones to rub together

  • Symptoms: dull aching pain, may radiate into lower back and legs, minor limp
  • Causes: pelvis is misaligned with the head of the femur, rotation or tilt of the pelvis

Bursitis: inflammation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac that lies between bones to act as a cushion

  • Symptoms: pain around the hip joint that increases with movement or pressure, tenderness, swelling, loss of movement
  • Causes: repetitive movements like long distance running, hard blow to the hip, overuse of the area