Tendinitis: band of tissue that connects muscle to bone becomes inflamed

  • Symptoms: tenderness and pain in the foot that is worse with activity, redness, swelling
  • Causes: repetitive motions, bad posture, walking habits, poorly positioned joints or bones 

Fallen arches (flat feet): low or no arches in the foot

  • Symptoms: pain on the inside of the ankle, arch and outside of the foot, calf, knee, hip, or back, noticeable low arches
  • Causes: family history, abnormalities in the foot joints, injury to a muscle or tendon in the foot

Plantar fasciitis: the band of tissue that runs from the heel to mid-foot is inflamed

  • Symptoms: pain in the underside of the heel that is worse in the morning and beginning to walk and is better after rest
  • Causes: sedentary lifestyle, being on your feet for extended periods of time, changing exercise surface, poor footwear, sudden increase in amount or intensity of exercise, tight Achilles tendon

Osteoarthritis: joint cartilage and the underlying bone begin to degrade

  • Symptoms: pain and stiffness in the foot, tenderness, grating or cracking feeling, limited motion
  • Causes: aging, family history