Elbow


Tennis elbow: the tendon on the outside of the elbow becomes inflamed

  • Symptoms: pain on the outside of the forearm that is worse when bending, lifting, or twisting the forearm and when writing or gripping small objects
  • Causes: repetitive activity, direct blow to the elbow, starting a new activity that requires major use of the forearm such as tennis

Golfer’s elbow: the tendon on the inside of the elbow becomes inflamed

  • Symptoms: pain on the inside of the elbow that is worse when making a fist, extending the elbow, or flexing the wrist, numbness and tingling, weakness in the hands and wrists
  • Causes: repetitive motion, direct blow to the elbow, starting a new activity that requires major use of the forearm such as golf

Osteoarthritis: joint cartilage and the underlying bone begin to degrade

  • Symptoms: pain and stiffness in the elbow, tenderness, grating or cracking feeling, limited motion
  • Causes: aging, family history

Rheumatoid arthritis: the lining of the joints becomes inflamed and irritated

  • Symptoms: throbbing, aching pain that is worse in the morning and after periods of inactivity, stiffness in the joint, swelling, redness
  • Causes: family history, high estrogen levels, smoking

Bursitis: inflammation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac that lies between bones to act as a cushion

  • Symptoms: pain around the elbow that increases with movement or pressure, tenderness, swelling, loss of movement
  • Causes: repetitive movements like swinging a racket, hard blow to the elbow, overuse of the elbow

Hypermobility (double-jointed): eLBOW joint has an unusually large range of motion

  • Symptoms: stiffness in the elbow, clicking noise when moving, recurrent injuries such as sprains
  • Causes: family history, overstretching of the joint such as in gymnastics or ballet

Repetitive strain injury: general term for pain caused by overuse of the muscle

  • Symptoms: tenderness around the elbow, stiffness, tingling or numbness, cramping
  • Causes: repetitive motion, doing the same movement for a long period of time, poor posture, stress, cold temperatures